What is Orthodontics?
The branch of dentistry that has to do with correcting misaligned or crooked teeth is called orthodontics. Through the use of orthodontic appliances, pressure is exerted on the teeth causing them to move to a predetermined position. The process takes several months to a year or more depending on the extent of the misalignment. Preventative orthodontics at our facility in Park Slope is intended to stop a problem in the making. As an example, when a baby tooth is lost early or needs to be removed prematurely, a space maintainer may be used to ensure that the teeth do not come out of alignment because of the missing tooth.
Types of Orthodontic Treatment
Modern dental technology has evolved such that there are several options when it comes to orthodontic treatments. For younger patients and severe cases of misalignment traditional braces may be suggested. Braces are fashioned from a variety of materials: Stainless steel, ceramic, plastic or a combination of materials. Another type of treatment involves clear acrylic or plastic covers that fit over the teeth. These are called aligners. Treatment consists of a series of custom made trays that are changed out as the teeth move into place. Temporary anchorage devices or TADs are sometimes used for more predictable movement of the teeth. They provide a stable point from which force is applied to move the teeth. Occasionally a child will need the extra force that headgear supplies. This appliance is mostly worn at night while sleeping. When the teeth have been moved into place, retainers are used to keep them from coming out of alignment again. Retainers can be bonded to the back of the teeth or they can be removable depending on the case.
Causes of Orthodontic Problems
There are several causes for orthodontic problems. Genetics comes into play in many instances where malocclusion occurs. The size of teeth to jawbone may not be the best thus causing a bad bite. Other causes include teeth lost to trauma, decay or dental disease. Finger and thumb sucking or too long on the bottle or pacifier can also cause teeth to grow out of alignment.
Contact our office today to schedule a consultation for orthodontic services.
ok at the “whole picture” of your child’s oral and physical health. Our preventive pediatric dental care helps prevent or provide early treatment for infant cavities, baby tooth decay and abnormal growth such as uneven spacing, misalignment and ectopic eruption.